Periodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating gum or periodontal disease. This specialty includes treatments for gum recession, which can expose the roots of the teeth. When the roots are exposed, they are vulnerable to decay and infection.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that attacks the gum tissue. It is typically caused by poor oral hygiene but can also be hereditary. If left untreated, it can cause tooth loss and damage to the jawbone.
Periodontal disease starts out as gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. Gums may become swollen and bleed easily, and if left untreated, they can progress to periodontitis, which causes the gums to pull away from the teeth and form infected pockets. As the infection spreads, it can cause damage to the jawbone and tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is a widespread oral health concern, affecting nearly 50% of adults over the age of 30. Periodontal disease is a serious but treatable condition. Although early symptoms may be mild, they can quickly worsen, causing pain and tooth loss.
What Are the Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease can be treated by a general dentist or periodontist. For the condition’s early stages, the dentist will recommend non-surgical treatment such as professional dental cleanings, deep cleanings, and scaling and root planing.
Deep cleaning removes plaque, tartar, and bacteria from your teeth and gums and ensures that your gums will heal. Deep cleaning is typically followed up with a medicated mouthwash that kills any remaining bacteria. This mouthwash kills the bacteria that cause gum disease and promotes healthy gum tissue.
Deep cleaning is one of the most effective treatments for gum disease, which is why our dentist may recommend one if you have gum disease. If the disease has progressed, surgical therapy may be recommended. The bone, gums, and ligaments of the mouth reattach to the root surface after treatment. However, it’s important that patients continue with a good oral hygiene routine at home because gum disease can return. Patients will also need to see the dentist for periodic checkups.
How Can I Prevent Periodontal Disease?
The best way to avoid periodontal disease is by practicing good oral hygiene at home and scheduling regular dental cleanings and exams at the dentist’s office. If you notice any early signs of gum disease such as gum bleeding, contact our dentist as soon as possible.
To find out more about the dental services we offer at Paramount Dental Care, call (561) 844-7735 or schedule your consultation online. You can also visit us at 400 Executive Center Drive #103, West Palm Beach, FL 33401.